Chlorine, saltpeter, wind, sand, sun and rising temperatures help trigger premature skin aging. How to counteract its effects in summer?
” The best way to combat dry skin is to keep it hydrated with creams that contain moisturizing agents that help preserve the hydrolipidic mantle that protects our skin and prevent water evaporation from the surface layers,” explains Rosa del Río Pharmaceutical Courier , Director of the Aesthetic Dermatology Unit of the Pedro Jaén Dermatology Group .
For the Dermopharmacy member of the COF of Malaga , Manuel García Fernández, it is also important to maintain the hydration of the skin inside , “through drinks that allow replenishing the loss of water, which is significantly higher in summer”.
The sun is a direct cause of the so-called skin photoaging, which results in the appearance of spots and wrinkles.
Del Rio adds that chlorine is an irritant that contributes to dry skin, deteriorating the hydrolipidic mantle. “The saltpeter and the wind also dehydrate the skin and the sun is the most worrying summer agent for this organ, since if it is not protected properly, burns, spots and wrinkles appear, which is what is called photo aging.”
In this regard, García Fernández reiterates that solar radiation is responsible for numerous skin problems. “The sand and the wind can also act in concomitance with solar radiation, with the consequent danger,” says the expert.
What is recommended to do after bathing to avoid dry skin? The Dermopharmacy member of the COF of Malaga explains that it is essential to remove the remains of chlorine, salt and sand through a shower of fresh water with gel that is not excessively degreasing.
“ Once the skin is clean and dry, you should apply a body or after sun milk that contains soothing, moisturizing and regenerating ingredients. The products must be selected according to the type of skin, age, physiological situations and sun exposure to which it has been subjected, ”recalls García Fernández.
The dryness, in addition, “can lead to different consequences, such as a loss of elasticity, lack of luminosity, premature aging, wrinkles, scaling and irregular pigmentation,” says the pharmacist.
Dry skin is more tight and therefore causes more discomfort in those who suffer, such as irritation, redness, itching, peeling …, and it is a rougher skin in which thin lines are more noticeable. “In extreme cases, severe cracking and peeling may occur, as well as different skin diseases such as dryness eczema or various dermatitis, ” explains Del Río.
Recommendations to maintain healthy skin in summer
- Creams should have ingredients that help rehydrate the skin and preserve the hydrolipidic mantle that prevents excess water evaporation.
- Hyaluronic acid, Shea butter, oils such as argan oil that leave no feeling of fat, rosehip … are suitable ingredients.
- It is convenient to carry out a gentle weekly exfoliation with keratolytic agents that refine the stratum corneum of the skin. In this way, moisturizing ingredients can penetrate deeper into the skin.
- For dry skin, body oils that prevent the loss of water through perspiration may go well , but have some degree of occlusion.
- For those of the more fatty type, occlusion is not so convenient, therefore, emulsions of the aqueous external phase are recommended, containing, for example, moisturizing and nutritious vegetable extracts, and an amount of oils in a percentage of approximately 10%.
Tips to nourish the skin inside
- Increase fluid intake , drinking water and drinking fruit and vegetables that also provide minerals and antioxidants. It is also possible to ingest infusions without sugar to take them cold and gazpachos .
- It is convenient to drink between 2 and 2.5 liters distributed throughout the day.
- In situations of mild dehydration, beverages with mineral salts, namely sodium, and with rapidly absorbed sugars, can facilitate better rehydration.
- Special care must be taken with children and the elderly, since heat sensitivity is higher in these groups.